Hirsutism: Hirsutism is a condition of unwanted, male-pattern hair growth in women. Hirsutism results in excessive amounts of stiff and pigmented hair on body areas where men typically grow hair - face, chest and back. It's often caused by genes(familial), hormones(excess androgens in Polycystic ovarian disease ,cushing’s syndrome or adrenal/ovarian tumors), or medication(anabolic steroids).Management includes finding the cause of hirsutism with appropriate examination and investigations followed by correction of underlying causes. Treatment may include oral contraceptive pills, antiandrogens, topical hair removal creams, electrolysis or permanent LASER reduction. Weight loss and a healthy lifestyle are essential as well.
Hair loss/alopecia/baldness: It is a common concerning problem in both males as well as females. Common causes include Androgenetic alopecia (male pattern and female pattern baldness), alopecia areata, telogen effluvium, hormonal imbalances, nutritional deficiencies, medications and stress. Scarring alopecia can be seen in certain conditions like DLE, lichen planus, mechanical trauma, burns, radiation etc. Treatment options are topical lotions, serums to prevent hair loss and improve hair growth, Oral medications and vitamin supplements, Platelet rich plasma therapy, LASER therapy, hair transplantation and use of wigs.
Dandruff: Dandruff is the shedding of dead skin cells from the scalp. Dandruff can have several causes, including dry skin, seborrhoeic dermatitis, not cleaning/scrubbing often enough, shampooing too often, psoriasis, eczema, sensitivity to hair care products, or a yeast-like fungus. Dry skin is the most common cause of flaking dandruff. The signs and symptoms of dandruff are an itchy scalp and flakiness. Red and greasy patches of skin and tingling sensation on the skin are also symptoms. Treatment includes use of keratolytic and antifungal shampoos, leave-on lotions and regular hair wash.
Premature graying of hair/canites: Hair is said to gray prematurely only if graying occurs before the age of 25 years. Common causes are familial, nutritional deficiencies, drugs, stress. Correction of underlying causes, use of oral supplements, topical darkening agents and use of natural organic dyes are some of the treatment options.
Hair transplantation : Hair loss has been an age old problem in men and women. It can be cosmetically depressing for some. Both medical and surgical treatments have been used to treat this. Hair transplantation which was started in the 1800s has come a long way with better techniques and results. The basic concept is transplantation of one’s own hair from a donor area to the required recipient site. Donor hair extraction can be done in two ways. One is the follicular unit transplantation by strip harvesting and the other is follicular unit extraction.
Follicular unit extraction is the latest and most popular method which needs to be done by an experienced surgeon only. Individual grafts are extracted with a motorized punch and implanted onto donor area. There are no cuts, suturing or scarring in this procedure. This is done under local anesthesia with minimal pain .The procedure is permanent, gives natural looking hair with very few side effects. This can be done to restore beard hair, moustache, eyebrows, chest hair and eyelashes also. It can help bring back the lost confidence and present a new you to the world.
Low level laser therapy (LLLT) is a newer technique used in the treatment of hair loss in both men and women.It is a supplementary therapy to the existing treatments like minoxidil and finasteride. Low level laser therapy is intended for men and women with diffuse thinning of hair or patterned baldness(androgenetic or other alopecia). It uses devices with diodes that emit red light (wavelength 630-670 nanometers). Low level laser therapy is believed to increase blood flow in the scalp, resulting in the production of growing hair in 50% patients and also slows down or even stops hair loss in upto 85% of the patients.
It is a clean, painless and relatively inexpensive procedure without any side effects.
Two to three times weekly treatments are typically recommended, and consist of a 5 to 15-minute exposure of the scalp to light-emitting diodes.duration of treatment may avry from 1-3 months.